We have seen many of the seminal moments of push for African American civil rights, and hopefully you are all understanding not only what happened during the movement but also how we can learn from the movement today. However, the movement expanded to other groups and races, and we will focus on these groups or the rest of class.
Check out Learning from the Civil Rights Movement Part 3
The stories of the Civil Rights movement are plentiful. While we only have the opportunity to look at a few, we are definitely pulling out some great lessons from the push for equality after WWII. Keep working on Learning from the CRM by moving on to the second section of events. Try to get as far as you can!
What lessons have we learned so far? Take a look:
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The civil rights movement is one of the defining events in American history, during which Americans fought to make real the ideals of justice and equality embedded in our founding documents. When students learn about the movement, they learn what it means to be active American citizens. They learn how to recognize injustice. They learn about the transformative role played by thousands of ordinary individuals, as well as the importance of organization for collective change. They see that people can come together to stand against oppression.
For one of our final topics of study this year, we will be surveying the Civil Rights Movement, one of the major turning points in America’s story … and one that is still being experienced and told. Unfortunately, we will not be able to dig extremely deep into the movement, but we will see many of the seminal moments from the push for equality and make connections to our current society and our own lives.
To learn about the movement, you must witness it – your first task is to examine the early events of the movement, find out what happened, and start to examine the the lessons we can learn. Get going on this, and make sure you split it up!
The most important global event in the 20th century had a huge impact on the United States specifically and on the world in general. What was the legacy of the war? Complete “The Legacy of WWII” and check out the resources below to come to class with an idea about the overall impact of the second World War.
We saw the Enola Gay at the air and Space Museum in Virginia – the plane that was involved in one of (if not THE) the most important single decisions of the 20th century (source, source). The short term and long term impact of the use of the atomic bomb have been debated since August of 1945. In our next class, we will be discussing and debating the use of atomic weapons to end to the Pacific War in World War II. To prepare, use the following material online and any other reliable information you discover to develop an option on the use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
THE BASIC FACTS – use your “You Decide” handout and the video below to get an overview of the event. You can also consult The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki from the History Channel. You should all know the basics facts behind the event.
Was the use of the atomic bomb on Japan necessary and justified? It’s a question that is still debated in our society today. Here are some resources that you can use to develop an opinion and take some notes on your overview.
In your next class, you will have the opportunity to discuss your opinion about the use of atomic weapons by the United States at the end of World War II. You should come to class with a great deal of background about the two sides to the argument, written on your notes. You will be able to choose your side – YES or NO. Make sure you have excellent speaking points for your debate, as you will be evaluated on your participation in class. Your task will be to make arguments that support your position, defend yourself against attacks from the other side, AND/OR ask questions of the people discussing to get further clarification. The more historical detail and argumentation you have, the better!
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As you examine the flow of the war in Europe and the Pacific, you surely will wonder … Who were the men and women that served in Europe and the Pacific? Please read and interact with the American Troops in WWII. This reading will give you an idea bout the makeup of the men and women that served in the American military during the war.
I can explain the major turning points of the war and contrast military campaigns in the European and Pacific theaters.
I can summarize the essential information and impact of a historical event.
I can geographically present the flow of World War II.
The National Content Standards of American History identify that all US history students should be able to explain the major turning points of World War II – so that’s what I am expecting from my young historians! Over the next week, we will see the progression of the war. Your major task is to create some sort of map that not only locates each of the major turning points, but also offers essential information about the event. For each location listed, you should have a proper location on your map, a title, a date, and a brief overview of the event and its impact. For an example take a look at my map with Pearl Harbor. My description is probably a little more detailed, with a quote, an image, and a resource or two. Those options are up to you – whatever it takes to hit the target.
“War is no longer simply a battle between armed forces in the field. It is a struggle in which each side strives to bring to bear against the enemy the coordinated power of every individual and of every material resource at its command. The conflict extends from the soldier in the front line to the citizen in the remotest hamlet in the rear.”
American government report from 1939
The American home front was essential to the success of the US and the Allies in World War II, so one of our essential questions must be about the Home Front – right? Doc will give you a guide for some readings about the WWII home front, which is also available here: